A plan to build three large warehouses on land that is considered part of the Cooch’s Bridge Battlefield is drawing concern from local historians, who are urging the developer to commit to more extensive archaeological research before starting construction.
“The properties under consideration stand at the very pinnacle of Delaware’s history, not only the Revolutionary War history, but going back thousands of years to those other Delawareans that lived here long before Europeans arrived,” Michael McGrath, president of Preservation Delaware, said during a meeting of New Castle County’s Historic Review Board on Tuesday evening. “These Native American sites are, if not unique, some of the most important that have been discovered in Delaware.”
The plan calls for building three logistics warehouses totaling just over 1 million square feet on three parcels near the southeast corner of South College Avenue and Old Cooch’s Bridge Road, just south of Glasgow High School. The warehouses will surround Sunset Lake on three sides.
The lake itself is owned by the state and the Newark Anglers Association, but much of the land around it is owned by W.L. Gore & Associates. Gore is under contract to sell the 149 acres to D2 Pencader LLC, which is proposing the warehouses, according to Michael Hoffman, a lawyer for the developer. The land is properly zoned for the project, though it is currently used for farming.
The project has been in the works since 2005, when Gore filed an initial plan. In 2009, the county approved 1.6 million square feet of warehouse and office space, but Gore’s plan to build a headquarters there never came to fruition.
The new developer is now seeking to redesign the project – actually making it smaller – and therefore is required to go through the development approval process again. Hoffman noted that the original project “remains very much active and valid today,” and his client’s ability to develop the land is not in question.
“We understand the interest of the history in this region, and the applicant is willing to be a participant in that,” he added.
The Battle of Cooch’s Bridge, which took place Sept. 3, 1777, was the only Revolutionary War battle fought in Delaware.
The state has preserved much of the battlefield site closest to Cooch’s Bridge, including the Cooch House – which British general Charles Cornwallis famously occupied for five days – and the nearby Dayett Mills property, which is now home to the Pencader Heritage Museum.
However, historians believe the battle covered approximately six square miles, extending all the way south to Glasgow. Most of that land has been heavily developed over the past decades, including an industrial park next to where the warehouses are planned.
Prior to the 2009 approval, archaeological investigation found artifacts from the battle as well as two significant sites from the Native Americans who once inhabited the Iron Hill area, including remnants of a village dating back 12,000 years, according to John Brook, a member of the Historic Review Board. The two archaeological sites are noted on the developer’s plan and will not be disturbed.
However, several historians who addressed the board Tuesday argued that further study is needed to make sure any remaining artifacts on the site are discovered and preserved.
“You can metal detect multiple times over the same space and continue to recover information,” said Wade Catts, a Newark historian who has done extensive research on the Battle of Cooch’s Bridge. “This is essentially the last opportunity we as a community would have to recover this information from Delaware’s largest land battle during the American Revolution.”
Keith Jackson, president of the Pencader Heritage Area Association, concurred.
“We just want to make it abundantly clear that if at all possible, the archaeologists need to be given all the resources and time that they need to really go over this, not just for the Native American tribe settlements that were there but also because of the battle artifacts. Some were found, but I firmly believe you’re going to find a lot more.”
He noted that the land in question played a key role in the battle.
“This is more significant than I think most people realize,” Jackson said. “It was actually one of the larger areas where the battle was concentrated, besides down at the bridge.”
Vince Watchorn, president of the Friends of Cooch’s Bridge Historic Site, urged the developer to prepare for the possibility of finding a burial ground. The roughly two-dozen Colonial soldiers killed at Cooch’s Bridge are believed to be buried somewhere on the battlefield.
“We remain hopeful that someday we will find the battle burial ground. We know that it’s there somewhere, but we don’t know where,” Watchorn said. “We want to make sure that the process is careful to include a burial protocol in case by some chance, this is where that burial ground is located.”
Bill Conley, president of W3R Delaware, echoed that point.
“That’s a field of valor, where going back 250 years, young Americans took a stand against the Hessians and the British, and many paid the ultimate price there,” Conley said.
Nancy Willing, who has long been involved in historical preservation efforts in the area, said the previous research at the development site wasn’t thorough enough.
“This is all really unsettling to me, just the idea that we would go forward with a plan for warehouse and office buildings on our 1777 battlefield,” Willing said.
New Castle County Councilman David Tackett, who represents the area, said he is concerned about trucks coming and going from the warehouses.
“I think it would be devastating for that traffic to be allowed to travel down to Old Cooch’s Bridge Road and engage Old Baltimore Pike in that direction,” Tackett said. “We need to do everything we can do to make sure that they are only allowed to head towards 896.”
Hoffman avoided making any commitments but said the developer is willing to continue discussing the project with historians and other stakeholders.
“What the applicant has done is maintained the dialogue and is committed to continuing that dialogue and looks forward to engaging in continued conversations,” he said.
The Historic Review Board will vote on the project March 2.
The University of Delaware campus sprung to life again Monday, and The Green bustled with students heading to class or back to their dorms on a chilly, gray February day.
At the noontime class-change period, there was nowhere near the throngs of students that there would be in a normal year, but it was the closest thing to a crowd the campus has seen since the discovery of a COVID-19 case on campus March 11 sent students scrambling to leave town.
With the start of the spring semester, UD officials have met the goal they set months ago – a broader reopening of the campus than was possible in the fall.
It’s a decision that has major benefits for students seeking more normalcy, for the university’s financial situation and for the Newark businesses that rely on students. Still, there are a number of potential pitfalls – the pandemic is significantly worse than it was when the fall semester began, vaccines are likely months away for most students, and the threat of faster-spreading coronavirus variants looms.
“We have navigated this unprecedented pandemic together and we will come out on the other side stronger than before,” UD President Dennis Assanis wrote in a letter to students Monday. “As we begin the spring semester, I am certain that the UD community will again rise to the challenge of doing whatever is necessary to ensure we can resume the normal rhythms of campus life as soon as it is safe to do so.”
This spring, approximately 3,800 students are living in the dorms, which is 60 percent of normal occupancy but approximately triple the number from the fall, according to Caitlin Olsen, UD’s director of government relations. All rooms are single-occupancy.
There are likely also several thousand students living in off-campus apartments throughout Newark, but UD doesn’t release statistics on that.
Move-in was spaced out over five days, Feb. 10 to 14, to avoid families having to congregate in hallways and parking lots.
Olsen noted that many of the new arrivals are freshmen who started their college experience virtually and are now experiencing campus life for the first time.
“A lot of these students that are coming to campus may be new to Newark and new to campus because they didn’t get to come here in the fall. So if you see any wandering around with their lanyards and their IDs hanging on them, please, you know, direct them back to campus,” Olsen quipped last week as she updated city council on UD’s reopening plans.
UD is also offering more face-to-face classes this spring. Olsen said many courses employ a hybrid model, with some portions held virtually and other parts held in-person
This semester, 18 percent of courses feature an in-person component, up from 9 percent in the fall. However, those that are in-person will look different than usual.
“Many of you know or have seen our large, 400-person lecture halls. Envision that, but with only 50 people in the space,” Olsen said. “We want to make sure that everyone is spread out according to the current recommendations from the CDC and our local officials.”
Newark hoping to avoid another virus spike
It’s likely that Newark’s number of new daily coronavirus cases will increase, simply as a result of bringing thousands more people into town. However, city officials are hoping to avoid the large spikes in cases seen during the fall semester.
“We’re going to be really closely watching the city’s numbers as the students return to campus,” City Manager Tom Coleman said. “We had the spike over the fall, even though it was pretty much isolated to the student population, as there are these other variants, we really want to keep a lid on the case counts in town so it doesn’t escape from the youth and spread through the population.”
After getting the initial outbreak under control in the spring, Newark saw a relatively low number of infections throughout the summer, averaging less than one new case per day in late August. However, the numbers started increasing once many UD students returned in the fall and spiked even more after a spate of illegal Halloween parties among students – hitting a peak of 26 new cases per day shortly before Thanksgiving, when students left for winter break.
By early February, the city was down to an average of eight new cases per day, though that number started ticking up as students began returning to town.
Last week, UD reported a total of 83 new cases on campus.
UD implements mandatory testing, strict guidelines
Olsen said the university is taking strict measures to keep the virus in check on campus.
UD is significantly ramping up its coronavirus testing program and plans to test 6,000 students and employees each week, more than double the amount in the fall.
Under a new policy, all students living on campus are mandated to be tested once a week, and those who don’t comply could face sanctions. Students living off-campus are encouraged to get tested at least monthly and will be randomly chosen for mandatory testing.
In the fall, UD encouraged weekly testing but stopped short of requiring it because of questions regarding the legality of mandatory testing, according to the campus medical director. This semester, the testing mandate is part of the housing contract that all students sign in order to live in the dorms, a UD spokeswoman said.
Tests are analyzed at UD’s Allen Biotechnology Laboratory, which is located on the university’s farm and is typically used for poultry research.
Students, employees and visitors are required to complete a daily health questionnaire every day they are on campus.
Students were also required to take an online training course about coronavirus safety and answer quiz questions about how the virus spreads and coronavirus-related restrictions.
The training highlights Newark’s social gathering ordinance, which limits gatherings to no more than 10 people indoors or 20 people outdoors.
Police have cited more than 115 people with violating the ordinance since it was passed in late August. First-time offenders are fined between $100 and $500 and ordered to complete up to 20 hours of community service. Under UD policy, any student caught hosting a large gathering is immediately suspended.
The ordinance’s next big test will be St. Patrick’s Day, which is usually the biggest party weekend of the year.
UD has social distancing policies in the dorms, as well.
“They’re going to be very strict about guests and meandering around the halls in the dorms,” Olsen said. “There were far fewer students in the fall, but word is getting out pretty quickly what the consequences are if you do not follow rules regarding guests or too many people in your dorm room. That is going to be a lot stricter in the spring, just because there’s so many more students.”
She added that she expects students who weren’t in Newark for the fall will quickly learn about the city’s gathering restrictions.
“It will be interesting to see how quickly word spreads around that we’re not messing around,” she said.